• Proactively identify potential victims, especially among vulnerable populations, such as migrants and asylum-seekers, individuals in commercial sex, and children in government-run institutions, through enhanced training for police officers and labor inspectors on recognizing indicators of exploitation. * Vigorously investigate and prosecute trafficking cases under the trafficking statute and punish convicted traffickers, including complicit officials, with significant prison sentences. • Provide knowledgeable legal counsel and courtroom protections for victims assisting prosecutions. Observers reported authorities did not proactively identify victims, particularly among vulnerable populations, such as individuals in commercial sex. Human trafficking is a major problem in the EU and a priority for Europol and law enforcement agencies in EU Member States. 211 - Trafficking in Minors, Art. The Trafficking in Persons Report, or the TIP Report, is an annual report issued by the U.S. State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons.It ranks governments based on their perceived efforts to acknowledge and combat human trafficking.. While the government relied on NGOs to accommodate and assist victims, it did not allocate grants directly to NGOs due to legislation precluding direct funding. Authorities in Romania and Spain have taken action against an Organised Criminal Group (OCG) suspected of human trafficking, pimping and money laundering. Courts convicted 120 traffickers in 2019, continuing a multi-year decline from 130 in 2018 and 222 in 2017. Trafficking in Persons Report tier placements; Country Location Human trafficking is a major problem in the EU and a priority for MS law enforcement agencies. The Government of Romania does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. However, the government … It involves the exploitation of vulnerable persons traded by criminals as commodities for the sole purpose of economic gain. Romania remains a primary source country for sex trafficking and labor trafficking victims in Europe. ANITP continued to publish yearly reports and statistics on trafficking and organized 85 awareness campaigns, compared with 36 in 2018, aimed at educating youth and adults looking for jobs abroad. • Amend regulations to exempt all trafficking victims who testify in trials from the online disclosure of their names to protect participating witnesses from retaliation and stigma and incentivize greater victim participation in prosecutions. In 2018, the Romanian government reported that only 48% of confirmed trafficking victims in Romania received assistance. The media also mentioned traffickers negotiated other jobs and transfers within the police force and offered the police information about rival criminal groups in order to eliminate their competitors. • Allocate adequate financial resources for the implementation of the 2018-2022 national strategy and national action plan. An estimated 313,500 people, have been identified as being trafficked for begging, Public officials and NGOs identified 698 victims in 2019 (518 sex trafficking; 138 labor trafficking, including forced begging and forced theft; and 42 victims of attempted trafficking), an increase from 497 in 2018 and 662 in 2017. ROMANIA: Tier 2. Romania demonstrated law enforcement efforts over the reporting period; however, it did not report the number of investigations, prosecutions, and convictions obtained against labor trafficking offenders. The government marginally increased prevention efforts. The European Commission Eurostat Trafficking in human beings 2013. Activities include developing survivor-informed processes and systems within the justice system to deter traffickers and decrease violence. The government did not impose mandatory minimum standards on the quality of victim assistance, and as a result, assistance varied greatly depending on the facility. Drugs 3. Trafficking in Persons Report -Report Home Page Released by the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons June 12, 2007 Country Narratives -- Countries Q through Z. QATAR (Tier 3) Qatar is a destination for men and women trafficked for the purposes of involuntary servitude and, to a lesser extent, commercial sexual exploitation. Refworld contains a vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal frameworks. The US State Department’s Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report ranks Romania as a Tier 2 country, that is, a country that has made ‘significant efforts’ to meet the standards in the Trafficking Victims From 1 February 2014, … În this context, Secretary of State with the Interior Ministry (MAI) police quaestor Bogdan Despescu announced on Friday that since taking over the current leadership of the MAI, a number of 11 organised groups specialised in cases of sexual assault and labour exploitation were closed down, with 79 persons being detained. Child protection services managed only two centers that focused specifically on child trafficking victims. When justice for those who are vulnerable dies, civil society must stand up for democratic legal institutions! The government maintained insufficient protection efforts. • Amend legislation to allow authorities to sanction recruiting agencies for crimes contributing to trafficking. (...) The specialized structures of the Interior Ministry carried out, together with the DIICOT [Directorate for Investigating Organized Crime and Terrorism] prosecutors and in their own criminal investigation cases, over 50 operative actions, of which 24 were large-scale. The extent of trafficking from the Republic of Moldova into and through Romania is unclear, though some reports suggest that traffickers operating in Romania and Moldova exploit Moldovan women and girls from Romania in operations in Europe. • Amend legislation to allow for financial support to NGOs for victim services and develop and institute a formal mechanism for administering the funds. Experts report a rise in Romanian … • Romania has signed United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and its two Protocols ... the beneficiary knows that is a victim of trafficking in persons or trafficking in minors, shall be punishable by prison from 6 months to 3 years or with a fine. Romani children, as young as 11 years old, are particularly vulnerable to forced begging and sex trafficking. During the reporting period, a court acquitted 25 alleged traffickers in the notorious “Tandarei” child trafficking case, in which the court tried the alleged traffickers under a law that provided lesser penalties and a shorter statute of limitations. Romanian men, women, and children are subjected to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. These penalties are sufficiently stringent and commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes such as rape. In one of the largest child trafficking rings uncovered in Europe, more than 100 people were convicted in the UK over an operation in which dozens of minors were forced to beg and steal. These penalties are sufficiently stringent and commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape. 678/2001, which prescribes penalties of three to 15 years’ imprisonment. ANPDCA also reported local child protection services, which were supposed to provide service to trafficking victims, lacked the necessary knowledge that would allow them to justify funding requests for specialized services. Human Trafficking (7-10 Billion USD Industry) 79% of all global trafficking is for sexual exploitation. Victims from outside the EU were mainly from Nigeria and China. The law entitled victims to reparation from their traffickers; however, victims generally could not afford the fees necessary to initiate civil trials or, in cases in which judges ordered restitution, to pay court officers to collect the money owed from traffickers. A total of 29 potential victims, aged between 20 and 40 years, were recovered in London and brought to safety. The fight against human trafficking, as well as many other forms of transnational organized crime, is extremely difficult. The Romanian mafia is an intricate network, which spans across Europe, specialising in sex trafficking. A Europol priority. The report lists states, “Romania is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and women and children subjected to sex trafficking. These efforts included identifying significantly more trafficking victims, participating in twice as many international investigations, and conducting more awareness campaigns. Moreover, a lack of sufficient government funding for assistance and protection services endured, leaving most victims without services, susceptible to re-traumatization, and at risk of re-trafficking. 678/2001, which prescribes penalties of three to 15 years’ imprisonment. Authorities often charged suspected traffickers for crimes other than trafficking, such as pandering and pimping. This is the time for Parliament to take action and protect the people it represents," he said. Young women from rural or marginalised areas and those with the lowest levels of education are the most likely to fall into the hands of traffickers for purpose of sexual exploitation. And according to the “Trafficking in Persons” report, one-third of Romania’s trafficking victims are underage girls. Therefore Romania remained on Tier 2 Watch List for the second consecutive year. • Amend legislation to allow for financial support to NGOs for victim services and develop and institute a formal mechanism for administering the funds. Experts report a rise in Romanian … The Minister of Justice, Catalin Predoiu, on Friday said that human trafficking and organised crime have reached an intolerable level in our country, and the former PSD (Social Democratic Party) government is responsible for this situation, for "destroying the legislation that strengthened justice" and sending a clear signal to the underworld that they could shake their heads. These statistics included victims from ongoing investigations and prosecutions initiated in previous years. Authorities did not adequately screen for trafficking indicators or identify victims among vulnerable populations, such as asylumseekers, individuals in commercial sex, or children in governmentrun institutions. Traffickers subject Romanian women and children to sex trafficking in Romania and other European countries. There will be no refuge for human traffickers, not in Romania, not in the United States, not in Europe, nowhere. Trafficking in Persons Report 2020 View the Report Message From the Secretary of State As this 20th anniversary report is released, we and our allies and partners find ourselves confronting a crisis that has reached previously unimagined proportions. Based on information gathered during the identification process, authorities informed victims of the services available to them, after which victims decided the services they preferred and consented to the referral process. As the understanding of human trafficking expanded, the U.S. government, in collaboration with NGOs, identified the need for specific legislation to address how traffickers operate and to provide the legal tools necessary to combat trafficking in persons in all its forms. In 2019, 49 percent (339) of identified victims received assistance from public institutions, public-private partnerships, and NGOs, compared with 48 percent in 2018 and 46 percent in 2017. of trafficking networks.4 Currently, Romania’s anti-trafficking legislation does not fully comply with international standards. Important Documents. Such actions will continue with even greater intensity," Despescu told a joint press statement with Interior Minister Marcel Vela, US Ambassador Adrian Zuckerman, Justice Minister Catalin Predoiu and Prosecutor General Gabriela Scutea.He said that in order to increase the capacity to retaliate against human traffickers, the ministry has reached an agreement with partners in the United States for technical support in identifying these types of crimes. Traffickers subject Romanian women and children to sex trafficking in Romania and other European countries. Traffickers subject Romani children, as young as 13 years old, to forced begging and sex trafficking. In July 2019, Romanian and German authorities partnered in an investigation that resulted in the arrest of four Romanian men for exploiting minors, including their own children, in commercial sex. Authorities in the UK and Romania have arrested 24 people, cracking a syndicate that trafficked low income Romanian girls into the UK, Ireland and Germany for sex work. JusMin Predoiu: Human trafficking and organised crime have reached intolerable levels. Romania is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and women and children subjected to sex trafficking. The National Institute for Magistrates conducted a workshop on international judicial cooperation and techniques for investigating trafficking, identification, referral, and assistance; 14 prosecutors and judges participated. The National Authority for the Protection of Children’s Rights and Adoption (ANPDCA) reported that child protection services in most counties did not have the expertise and resources to offer services tailored to the special needs of trafficking victims. As in previous years, government data did not differentiate between cases exclusively related to trafficking or cases related to other crimes, such as pandering. Although 37 convicted traffickers received suspended sentences, and three postponed prison sentences, the remaining 80 traffickers received sentences from one to more than 10 years’ imprisonment. The government continued to use donor funding to train police and prosecutors to organize a series of anti-trafficking training programs during the reporting period. "However, members of the government know that they face a legacy of politics, corruption and criminal networks that impede their every move. In 2019, authorities identified no foreign victims among refugees and asylum-seekers, but observers estimated there were dozens of cases. In 1994, the Department of State began to monitor human trafficking as part of the Department’s Annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, focusing exclusively on sex trafficking of women and girls. These efforts included identifying significantly more trafficking victims, participating in twice as many international investigations, and conducting more awareness campaigns. Illegal Arms 2. NGOs also covered victims’ emergency medical care costs because the government lacked financial assistance, and medical care required payment upfront. Minors represent nearly 50 percent of identified trafficking victims in Romania. The government maintained three government-run shelters designated for trafficking victims with the capacity to accommodate 18 adults; the shelters also housed domestic violence victims. Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. 25 June 2020 | USDOS – US Department of State Romania. From the 2018 Trafficking in Persons Report “Romania is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and women and children subjected to sex trafficking. "Today, I am proud to announce that, in collaboration with the Romanian Police, law enforcement and prosecutors, we are committed to a new zero-tolerance programme for human trafficking. human trafficking on the rise in romania. In addition, the EU Strategy on eradicating human trafficking 2012-2016 identifies five key ways to do this: A new administration came into office in November 2019 and committed to reforming judicial structures; however, existing law enforcement deficiencies and knowledge gaps impeded progress. Additionally, observers reported that a split reporting structure hindered police efficiency and coordination with investigations and prosecutions. Authorities referred identified adult victims to ANITP and minor victims to child protection services. Furthermore, in the event traffickers’ assets were not seized but a guilty verdict was reached, the government could pay material damages for documented expenses, such as medical bills. “DIICOT Brasov prosecutors detained three persons in a high-risk drug trafficking case. Nonexistence of government funding for NGO assistance and protection services remained a problem. The Largest Global Criminal Activities 1. The government continued to implement its 2018-2022 national strategy and national action plan, but it did not allocate financial resources to any of the activities or goals. • Significantly increase anti-trafficking training for law enforcement officials on working with victims, evidence collection, and understanding psychological coercion. Law in Romania forbids any kind of sale of persons; however, these laws are far from stopping human trafficking. Traffickers subject institutionalized children, particularly girls living in government-run homes and placement centers for disabled persons, to sex trafficking. However, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period. The hotline provided services in Romanian and English and primarily focused on informing Romanians about working abroad safely. • Significantly increase anti-trafficking training for law enforcement officials on working with victims, evidence collection, and understanding psychological coercion. While the government provided legal aid to victims, the lawyers assigned often lacked experience working with trafficking victims. Romanians represent a significant source of sex and labor trafficking victims throughout Europe. They also noted authorities did not identify victims in key places such as placement centers, and identification typically occurred after a criminal investigation started. One of the main techniques employed by traffickers is … https://www.state.gov/reports/2020-trafficking-in-persons-report/romania/. In 2019, 255 victims participating in criminal proceedings accessed services available to victims assisting law enforcement; these services included concealing victims’ identities, protection at victims’ residence, and transporting victims during travel. Likewise, NGOs noted that limited dedicated financial investigators—eight covering the entire country—restricted financial investigations and asset seizures, inhibiting evidence collection in trafficking cases to corroborate witness testimony. While ANITP drafted a new mechanism in 2018 with the support of NGOs, the government did not implement it during the reporting period. Since Romania joined the European Union it has been actively taking strides to decrease the prevalence of trafficking within the country and as a source country for trafficking throughout the region. 678/2001, which prescribes penalties of three to 15 years’ imprisonment. 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